Iron & Manganese (Fe/Mn)

Case Studies


Oxidized iron and manganese are effectively removed by both Ceraflow-50 and Cerina-250. Ceramic filtration allows for very high filtration rates, low backwash rates and excellent removal of iron and manganese even under the harshest conditions…

  • Iron and manganese are oxidized to their insoluble form before filtration.
  • Oxidation of iron can be achieved with a number of technologies including aeration, chlorination, ozone etc.
  • Oxidation of manganese the most effective is permanganate dosage ahead of filtration combined. Contact time to oxidize Mn varies depending on source water quality.
  • Both Ceraflow-50 and Cerina-250 have no predicted end of life and are virtually indestructible.